Employment law exists to protect the rights of employees, and ensure that both employers and employees meet the obligations they have in the workplace. Employment law regulates issues such as contracts, healthy and safety, parental leave, grievance and discipline protocols, redundancy and dismissal, and harassment and discrimination.

Rights and Obligations of Employers and Employees

Both employers and employees have rights and responsibilities that are regulated in part by employment law.

For instance, employment law grants employees statutory rights, and also helps to regulate the provision of contractual rights. Statutory rights are those that all employees are granted by law. These include the right to an itemised payslip, the right to earn the national minimum wage, and the right to paid holiday time and unpaid leave. Employees can also be granted contractual rights, which aren't required by law, but which are granted by employers on a case-by-case basis and are stipulated in an employee's contract.

In addition, all employees have the right to work in a safe and healthy environment. This means that employers have the obligation to ensure that all employees have the rights they are granted under the law. Employees also have some responsibility for ensuring the working environment is safe and healthy, meaning they must use safety equipment as provided and required by their employer, follow necessary safety procedures, and report incidents and accidents as required.

Dispute Resolution in Employment Law

In the workplace, most disputes can be categorised as either disciplinary issues or grievances. Disciplinary arise when an employer or manager has an issue with an employee; in contrast, a grievance is typically a complaint made by an employee about the workplace or a colleague.

In each case, the procedure for reporting and resolving disputes is formalised to ensure that all parties are given the opportunity to have their concerns addressed. Under UK employment law, grievances and disciplinary issues are resolved using a code of practice outlined by the Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service. This process involves one or more meetings between the parties involved in the dispute, with the objective of coming to a resolution that all parties are happy with. Employees have the option of petitioning the Employment Tribunal if a grievance isn’t resolved to their satisfaction.

Employment law Resources

Employment law Solicitors - This legal directory will allow students to search solicitors that specialise in employment laws.

Employment Updates - Government updates related to employment will be posted on this page.


If any students wish to contribute to this section or add relevant subsections related to employment law please do so through the university portal by updating Resource No.00032.